THE APOSTLE PAUL'S VICTORIOUS APPEAL
David A. Anderson
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2. Theophilus is preceded by the word "kratistos", translated "most excellent" in Luke 1:3
3. The word "kratistos" is used only four times in the Bible, all by Luke, and means "a host, strongest, most powerful, noble". The other three times it is used (Acts 23:26, Acts 24:3, Acts 26:25) it is addressing either the Roman Governor Felix or the Roman Governor Festus.
4. In Acts 23:26, Luke reports that the Roman officer in charge of Jerusalem began his letter to the Governor in Caesarea with "Claudius Lysias unto the most excellent (kratistos) Felix sendeth greetings. The other two times, Luke reports Paul using the term to address both Governor Felix and then Governor Festus.
5. Since the last three usages of "Kratistos" all address the Roman authority over Paul's imprisonment in Caesarea, it seems most reasonable that Luke's first usage of the word, in Luke 1:3, to address "Theophilus", also addressed the Roman authority over Paul's imprisonment. This time it was Nero, in 62 A.D.